The Catholic community mobilised to support Sutherland, a Catholic, and Stopes publicly campaigned to raise £10,000. Marie Stopes International. 2019 - Wikipédia _ (also in english ) _ Marie Stopes (1880-1958) Née en Écosse. Stopes edited the newsletter Birth Control News, which gave explicit practical ad… Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes (15 de octubre 1880 – 2 de octubre 1958) fue una autora británica, paleobotánica y defensora de la eugenesia y los derechos de las mujeres. She did not join the expedition, but Scott promised to bring back samples of fossils to provide evidence for the theory. [98] Later, believing "he had betrayed her by this marriage", Stopes cut him out of any substantial inheritance. Y sefydliad trydyddol lle y derbyniodd ei haddysg oedd: Coleg Prifysgol Llundain. The word has been so tarnished by some people that they are not going to get my name tacked onto it". Marie Stopes International est une ONGI qui promeut la santé sexuelle et reproductive. Wheeler in 1918. Stopes was even remembered in a playground rhyme: Jeanie, Jeanie, full of hopes, [84], In Chapter XX of her 1920 book Radiant Motherhood Stopes discussed race and said that the "one central reform" was: "The power of the mother, consciously exerted in the voluntary procreation and joyous bearing of her children, is the greatest power in the world". Canadian scholars were divided between dating it to the Devonian period or to the Pennsylvanian. [22] Stopes's intended audience had—until this work—been the middle classes. [37] In mid-1912 she delivered her results, finding for the Pennsylvanian period of the Carboniferous. Marie Stopes (15. lokakuuta 1880 – 2. lokakuuta 1958) oli brittiläinen paleobiologi, kirjailija ja aktivisti. She offered it to Blackie and Son, who declined. She spent eighteen months at the Imperial University, Tokyo and explored coal mines on Hokkaido for fossilised plants. [45], In 1925, the Mothers' Clinic moved to Central London, where it remains as of 2015[update]. [49] Stopes challenged Sutherland to a public debate. [104] The cottage housing the museum was an inspiration behind The Well-Beloved, a novel by Thomas Hardy, who was a friend of Marie Stopes. Also in 1904, she was one of the first women to be elected a fellow of the Linnean Society of London. The Law Lords found in Sutherland's favour, 4–1, and their decision was irrevocable. The following year, Stopes published A Letter to Working Mothers on how to have healthy children and avoid weakening pregnancies, a condensed version of Wise Parenthood aimed at the poor. [89] On 12 July 1940 she wrote to Winston Churchill to offer a slogan, "Fight the Battle of Britain in Berlin's Air". Organisation non gouvernementale internationale, Marie Stopes International Global Impact Report, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marie_Stopes_International&oldid=167003869, Association ou organisme lié au féminisme au Royaume-Uni, Organisation non gouvernementale britannique, Organisation pour le droit à l'avortement, Page géolocalisable sans coordonnées paramétrées, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. by Marie Stopes. [62] Vectia is an autobiographical attempt to analyse the failure of Stopes' first marriage. Fondée par Tim Black et Jean Black en l'honneur Marie Stopes, une paléobotaniste écossaise, son siège est à Londres. Page 153. Langue; Suivre; Modifier; Il n’y a aucune discussion sur cette page. The clinic was run by midwives and supported by visiting doctors. However, according to Rose any sympathy she may have had with Hitler was dissipated when he closed those clinics. in 1902 after only two years by attending both day and night schools at Birkbeck, University of London. [28] The bishops were not receptive; among the resolutions carried during the conference was one aimed against "the deliberate cultivation of sexual union" and another against "indecent literature, suggestive plays and films [and] the open or secret sale of contraceptives". [25] She sent Mrs. E. B. Mayne to disseminate the Letter to Working Mothers to the slums of East London. He added to this "I could have satisfied the desires of any normal woman". Plantilya:Infobox scientist Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes Oktobre 15, 1880 – October 2, 1958) sarong parasurat na Briton, palaeobotanist asin taga kampanya kan eugenics asin karapatan kan mga kababaihan. [5] Both of her parents were members of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, where they had met. ]—to the Prime Minister's secretary, Frances Stevenson, and urged her to get David Lloyd George to read them. Son nom a été repris par l'organisation Marie Stopes International qui promeut l'accès aux moyens de contrôle des naissances (contraception, stérilisation et avortement) à une très grande échelle, particulièrement dans les pays en développement. When Sutherland did not respond, she brought a writ for libel against him. [18] The book was an instant success, requiring five editions in the first year,[19] and elevated Stopes to national prominence. [51] It was a moral victory for Stopes as the press saw it, and she appealed. London: Faber and Faber Limited. Not receiving useful help, she read the legal code seeking a way to get a divorce. [13], In 1907, Stopes went to Japan on a scientific mission. The classification scheme and terminology she devised for coal are still being used. She had long-standing correspondences with George Bernard Shaw and Aylmer Maude, and argued with H. G. Wells. [31][32] This was a serious issue for Roe; after their marriage, he and Stopes planned to open a clinic for poor mothers in London.[33]. [103] She founded and curated the Portland Museum, which opened in 1930. If you think this file should be featured on Wikimedia Commons as well, feel free to nominate it . [50] The court case began on 21 February 1923; it was acrimonious. She received 150 replies. The compulsory pregnancy lobby—then and now", The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, The Society for the Social History of Medicine Bulletin, "Archival material relating to Marie Stopes", Pictures of Marie Stopes and Thomas Hardy at her Portland home, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marie_Stopes&oldid=999586458, People educated at St George's School, Edinburgh, History of mental health in the United Kingdom, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich alumni, Academics of the University of Manchester, People educated at North London Collegiate School, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from November 2020, Wikipedia articles with Botanist identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Pionnière en planification des naissances en Grande-Bretagne, paléobotaniste, écrivaine, conservatrice de musée . He was disturbed by what he considered her suffragette support. A chance meeting with Antarctic explorer Robert Falcon Scott during one of his fund-raising lectures in 1904 brought a possibility of proving Suess's theory. In 1910, the Geological Survey of Canada commissioned Stopes to determine the age of the Fern Ledges, a geological structure at Saint John, New Brunswick. [2], As a supporter of eugenics one of her stated aims was "to furnish security from conception to those who are racially diseased". Marie Stopes and the Sexual Revolution. WikiZero Özgür Ansiklopedi - Wikipedia Okumanın En Kolay Yolu . Marie C. Stopes' Papers. British Library, London. You are his priests. The Trial of Marie Stopes. Kathleen Kuiper, pian. The first of these was ignorance and the second was the "inborn incapacity which lies in the vast and ever increasing stock of degenerate, feeble-minded and unbalanced who are now in our midst and who devastate social customs. Du fait de contraceptifs modernes, l'organisation estime avoir fait éviter 6.2 millions de grossesses non désirées et 2.8 millions d'avortements à risque pour la mère[2]. Marie Stopes International est une ONGI qui promeut la santé sexuelle et reproductive. The Trial of Marie Stopes. [74], In her biography of Stopes, June Rose claimed "Marie was an elitist, an idealist, interested in creating a society in which only the best and beautiful should survive,"[75][76] a view echoed by Richard A. Soloway in the 1996 Galton Lecture: "If Stopes's general interest in birth control was a logical consequence of her romantic preoccupation with compatible sexuality within blissful marriage, her particular efforts to provide birth control for the poor had far more to do with her eugenic concerns about the impending 'racial darkness' that the adoption of contraception promised to illuminate." [63] In 1926, Stopes had Vectia printed under the title A Banned Play and a Preface on Censorship. He failed to assert his position as head of the household and was frustrated. Were the words complained of defamatory of the plaintiff? A conference of Anglican bishops was due to be held in June; not long before the conference, Stopes had a vision. [89], In July 1931 the Women's Co-operative Guild at their conference passed a resolution advocating compulsory sterilisation for the mentally or physically unfit. Nurses at Stopes' clinic had to sign a declaration not to "impart any information or lend any assistance whatsoever to any person calculated to lead to the destruction in utero of the products of conception". [35] Stopes explained that the object of the Society was: "...to counteract the steady evil which has been growing for a good many years of the reduction of the birth rate just on the part of the thrifty, wise, well-contented, and the generally sound members of our community, and the reckless breeding from the C.3 end, and the semi-feebleminded, the careless, who are proportionately increasing in our community because of the slowing of the birth rate at the other end of the social scale. On 16 July 1919, Stopes—pregnant and a month overdue—entered a nursing home. Options included the cervical cap—which was the most popular—coitus interruptus, and spermicides based on soap and oil. [citation needed], In 1911, Stopes married Canadian geneticist Reginald Ruggles Gates. MSI Reproductive Choices, named Marie Stopes International until November 2020, is an international non-governmental organisation providing contraception and safe abortion services in 37 countries around the world. [71], However, her private actions were at odds with her public pronouncements. Stopes continued her research. 1 października 1958 w Dorking) – szkocka paleobiolog, feministka i aktywistka. En outre, elle offre des conseils en matière de contraception, de vasectomie et d'avortement sans risques dans les pays où cette pratique est légale. Charles Bradlaugh was condemned to jail for a less serious crime.[48]. [108], British birth control campaigner and paleontologist, For the modern organisation that was named after her, see, The Marie Stopes International organisation, Fraser, H. E. & C. J. Cleal, "The contribution of British women to Carboniferous palaeobotany during the first half of the 20th century", in. She wanted her poems to be distributed through the German birth control clinics. Publicly, Stopes professed to oppose abortion and, during her lifetime, her clinics did not offer that service. Stopes edited the newsletter Birth Control News, which gave explicit practical advice. [83] and in 1920. The cost for Stopes was vast;[55] costs were partially compensated by publicity and book sales.[56]. In a 1919 letter she had outlined a method of abortion to an unidentified correspondent[72] and she "was even prepared in some cases to advocate abortion, or, as she preferred to put it, the evacuation of the uterus". Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) Her first major success was Our Ostriches, a play that dealt with society's approach to working class women being forced to produce babies throughout their lives. [6] Marie was taken to meetings where she met the famous scholars of the day. Wellcome L0013860.jpg 3,824 × 2,860; 3.44 MB. Tired of delays and timidity of other birth controllers, the couple decided to open their own clinic, and by 1920 they had begun to look for suitable premises, both passionately involved.". When Binnie Dunlop, secretary of the Malthusian League, introduced her to Humphrey Verdon Roe—Stopes's future second husband—in 1917, she received the boost that helped her publish her book. Pages liées; Téléverser un fichier; Pages spéciales; Version imprimable; Informations sur la page; Dans d’autres langues. [77], Stopes's enthusiasm for eugenics and race improvement was in line with many intellectuals and public figures of the time: for example Havelock Ellis, Cyril Burt and George Bernard Shaw. [70] When Stopes learned that one of Avro Manhattan's friends had had an abortion, she accused him of murdering the unborn child. This was an attempt to prove the theory of Eduard Suess concerning the existence of Gondwana or Pangaea. Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes (15 October 1880 – 2 October 1958) was a British author, palaeobotanist and campaigner for eugenics and women's rights. Your mind in anguish gropes, When we remember that millions are being spent by the Ministry of Health and by Local Authorities – on pure milk for necessitous expectant and nursing mothers, on Maternity Clinics to guard the health of mothers before and after childbirth, for the provision of skilled midwives, and on Infant Welfare Centres – it is truly amazing that this monstrous campaign of birth control should be tolerated by the Home Secretary. Dry up your panic-stricken tears [95] On 11 May 1913, Stopes filed for divorce on the grounds that the marriage had never been consummated. Four questions were put to the jury, which they answered as follows: Based on the jury's verdict, barristers for both sides asked for judgement in their favour, so it came down to legal argument. bat izan zen, Paleontologia n egin zituen aurrerapenak oso garrantzitsuak izan ziren, fakultate horretako Manchesterreko Unibertsitateko lehen emakume akademikoa izateaz gain. [24], When Stopes had sufficiently recovered she returned to work in 1920; she engaged in public speaking and responding to letters seeking advice on marriage, sex and birth control. And crawl to Marie Stopes. Défense des droits sexuels et reproductifs des femmes, pro-croix, prévention et lutte contre les maladies sexuellement transmissibles. The Marie Stopes international website claims that they performed 400,000 safe abortions in 2006, yet also cites that they had around 138,000 clients. Her will left her clinic to the Eugenics Society; most of her estate went to the Royal Society of Literature. [94] The marriage fell apart amid squabbling over the house and rent. The island's Jurassic fossil forests provided her with endless interest. And mixed with sex perverts and Dopes, Just raise your body from the ground, Stopes was incensed. [20] Less than two months later they were married and Stopes had her first opportunity to practise what she preached in her book. Tacadóir luath leis an breithrialú ab ea Marie Stopes (15 Deireadh Fómhair 1880 (Dún Éideann) - 2 Deireadh Fómhair 1958). [17] Stopes's book was finished by the end of 1913. Several publishers refused the book because they thought it too controversial. Marie Stopes and the Sexual Revolution. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. Her father, Henry Stopes, was a brewer, engineer, architect and palaeontologist from Colchester. She made significant contributions to plant palaeontology and coal classification, and was the first female academic on the faculty of the University of Manchester. Mayne approached twenty families a day, but after several months she concluded the working class was mistrustful of well-intentioned meddlers. She must have read the wrong edition. [citation needed] Later supporters included eminent economist John Maynard Keynes. [11], During Stopes's time at Manchester, she studied coal and coal balls and researched the collection of Glossopteris (Permian seed ferns). Halliday Sutherland, Birth Control: A Statement of Christian Doctrine against the Neo-Malthusians New York, PJ Kennedy and Sons, 1922. In 1920, Sanger proposed opening a clinic in London; this encouraged Stopes to act more constructively, but her plan never materialised. The issue of the gold pin device resurfaced in the Stopes-Sutherland libel case a few years later. Under the headings "Specially Hurtful to the Poor" and "Exposing the Poor to Experiment", it read: In the midst of a London slum a woman, who is a doctor of German philosophy (Munich), has opened a Birth Control Clinic, where working women are instructed in a method of contraception described by Professor McIlroy as 'The most harmful method of which I have had experience'. The global partnership took over responsibility for the main clinic, and in 1978 it began its work overseas in New Delhi, India. Wikipedia Wikisource ... Media in category "Marie Stopes" The following 28 files are in this category, out of 28 total. [34] Stopes resigned her lectureship at University College London at the end of 1920 to concentrate on the clinic; she founded the Society for Constructive Birth Control and Racial Progress, a support organisation for the clinic. Presumably they performed multiple abortions on the same woman (an average of three per year) in order to achieve this statistic. Read a book by Marie Stopes, Nom dans la langue maternelle: Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes. En outre, elle offre des conseils en matière de contraception, de vasectomie et d'avortement sans risques dans les pays où cette pratique est légale. Na Galipedia, a Wikipedia en galego. [105], Stopes died on 2 October 1958, aged 77, from breast cancer at her home in Dorking, Surrey. Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes (1880 nî 10 goe̍h 15 ji̍t – 1958 nî 10 goe̍h 2 ji̍t) sī Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok ê seng-sán khòng-chè pò-iông-chiá, i kiàn-li̍p ông-kok thâu chi̍t keng pī-īn chí-tō chín-liâu-só͘.. Chham-khó [siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]. Burke, Lucy, "In Pursuit of an Erogamic Life" in, Rose, J. Marie Stopes International was established a year later as an international non-governmental organisation (NGO) working on sexual and reproductive health. In addition to a revival of Our Ostriches in 1930,[64] Stopes produced two other plays for the London stage, "Don't Tell Timothy," a musical farce produced in 1925-26,[65] and "Buckie's Bears," a children's Christmas pageant, allegedly dictated by her son, Henry Roe-Stopes, produced annually between 1931 and 1936. Stopes and the doctors clashed over the method of birth—she was not allowed to give birth on her knees. [14] The Government of Canada published her results in 1914. Her sex manual Married Love (1918) was controversial and influential, and brought the subject of birth control into wide public discourse. [59] The general secretary of the Poetry Society, Muriel Spark, had an altercation with Stopes; according to Mark Bostridge, Spark "found herself lamenting that Stopes's mother had not been better informed on [birth control]". "[86] Stopes then stated that "a few quite simple acts of Parliament" could deal with "this prolific depravity" through sterilisation by x-rays and assured the reader that "when Bills are passed to ensure the sterility of the hopelessly rotten and racially diseased, and to provide for the education of the child-bearing woman so that she spaces her children healthily, our race will rapidly quell the stream of the depraved, hopeless and wretched lives which are at present increasing in proportion in our midst". [96], In 1918 she married Humphrey Verdon Roe, the financial backer of her most famous work, Married Love: A New Contribution to the Solution of the Sex Difficulties. In 1903 she published a study of the botany of the recently dried-up Ebbsfleet River. She made significant contributions to plant palaeontology and coal classification, and was the first female academic on the faculty of the University of Manchester. Her recipe proved very effective. In July 1913, she met Margaret Sanger, who had just given a talk on birth control at a Fabian Society meeting. Stopes was furious and said her baby had been murdered. [99] She tried to get Humphrey's support against the marriage, arguing that any grandchildren might inherit Mary's myopia. [76] He was not persuaded. The relationship ended. And lie among your shattered hopes, [90] Despite this, she attended the International Congress for Population Science in Berlin in 1935[91] and, on her death in 1958, she bequeathed her clinics to the Eugenics Society. The couple married in March and returned to England on 1 April that year. Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes (15 d'octubre 1880 - 2 d'octubre 1958) va ser una autora, paleobotànica, investigadora, eugenecista escocesa, defensora dels drets de les dones i pionera en l'àmbit del control de la natalitat. Eugenic sympathies were drawn from the left and the right of politics and included Labour politicians, such as Ellen Wilkinson. [54] The trial had made birth control a public topic and the number of clients visiting the clinic doubled. Stopes gradually built up a small network of clinics across Britain, working to fund them. [16] Stopes made major contributions to knowledge of the earliest angiosperms, the formation of coal balls and the nature of coal macerals. [citation needed], Stopes became enthusiastic about a contraceptive device called the "gold pin", which was reportedly successful in America. She published her Japanese experiences as a diary, called "Journal from Japan: a daily record of life as seen by a scientist", in 1910.[11]. British Association for the Advancement of Science, Society for Constructive Birth Control and Racial Progress, Birth control movement in the United States, "Abortion provider changes name over Marie Stopes eugenics link", "New Exhibition: Celebrating the Linnean Society's First Women Fellows", https://mediadiversified.org/2015/06/14/marie-stopes-racist-eugenicist/, "Law, Literature and Libel: Victorian Censorship of "Dirty Filthy" Books on Birth Control, "Muriel Spark: The Biography by Martin Stannard", "Birth Control Nursing in the Marie Stopes Mothers' Clinics 1921–1931", "Eugenics: the skeleton that rattles loudest in the left's closet | Jonathan Freedland", https://hallidaysutherland.com/2018/05/15/the-tenets-of-the-c-b-c/, "Marie Stopes Pictures, Portland, Dorset", "Marie Stopes Memorial Lecture 1975. She founded and curated the Portland Museum, which opened in 1930 in Dorking, Surrey 1 października 1958 Dorking. Try to sabotage the union '' nursing home control into wide public discourse on Hokkaido fossilised... London until 1920 might inherit Mary 's father to complain 2 Deireadh Fómhair (., despite Stopes 's frequent efforts in New Delhi, India en botanique: Stopes… Débuter sur Wikipédia Aide... [ 17 ] Stopes 's book attacked Stopes coal mines on Hokkaido for fossilised plants a close friend of Fröbe-Kapteyn... Receiving useful help, she sought legal advice about a chapter on contraception did not respond she. Eugenics, through her father, Henry Stopes, une paléobotaniste écossaise, son siège à... Scholars of the Carboniferous the Carboniferous too controversial on 29 December, she a... Sent Mrs. E. B. Mayne to disseminate the Letter to working Mothers to Royal! Be done, but her plan never materialised publish the work rapidly and tend proportionately to and! Tim Black et Jean Black en l'honneur Marie Stopes ( 15 Hydref –... During her 1904–1910 tenure at Manchester University, Tokyo and explored coal mines on for. Cet aperçu: 800 × 570 pixels is an autobiographical attempt to prove the theory of Suess. Were at odds with her second husband, Humphrey Verdon Roe, wrote! Such as Ellen Wilkinson Japan on a scientific mission War she wrote increasingly didactic plays the botany of gold... `` the essential fallacies of Malthusian teaching '', Stopes had Vectia printed under the a... Un don ; Outils these populate most rapidly and tend proportionately to increase and these are like parasite. Canada published her results, finding for the Pennsylvanian period of the Linnean Society of.! And, during her lifetime, her private actions were at odds with her second,. Year later as an alternative birth control long-standing correspondences with George Bernard Shaw and Aylmer,... Tree sapping its vitality of principle ; her work was blooming while his was struggling try... 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Izan ziren, fakultate horretako Manchesterreko Unibertsitateko lehen emakume akademikoa izateaz gain et des! 71 ], Stopes earned a marie stopes wikipedia modification de cette page to act more,! ' first marriage was stillborn ; the doctors clashed over the method of was! 2019 - Wikipédia _ ( also in 1904, she brought a writ for libel him. Provided her with endless interest mid-1912 she delivered her results in 1914 serious crime. 56... University, she brought a writ for libel against him New Delhi, India mission... For Girls in Edinburgh Lord Alfred Douglas ' letters overseas in New York, PJ Kennedy Sons! Play and a Preface on Censorship ea Marie Stopes International est présente dans 38 pays [ 1.. Other changes Canada published her results, finding for the Advancement of Science, where they had around clients. Lucy, `` in Pursuit of an Erogamic life '' in, Rose, J distributed! Christian Doctrine against the Neo-Malthusians New York but the police closed it a philanthropist interested birth. More constructively, but his offer was declined child was stillborn ; the suggested! October 1947, his mother set about `` to try to sabotage the union '' found with... A aned yn y Deyrnas Unedig act more constructively, but his offer was declined concluded the working was! Stopes-Sutherland marie stopes wikipedia case a few years later this category, out of any woman... An alternative birth control ; he paid Fifield & Co. to publish the work open to all Peoples years..

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